The Montgomery Watson/DRC Team developed hydraulic models for the LADWP’s Water Service Organization, coordinated through the Project Planning and Development Group. DWP chose the H2ONET software because it is user friendly, operates within AutoCAD, can exchange data with GIS, and has an open database structure. DRC staff assisted with developing the following hydraulic models:
The purpose of both is to develop detailed model creation standards and to evaluate the level of detail necessary for pressure zone models. The pilot study model evaluates the need for “all-pipe” models of pressure zones versus modeling only six-inch diameter and larger, from a hydraulic and a water quality perspective. Other goals of the pilot study model included developing an interfacing strategy with DWP’s GIS and other databases:
DRC helped prepare manuals that explain how the models were developed and recommend model maintenance procedures and helped develop standardized model reports to enhance the presentation of typical modeling results.
Citywide Storm Drainage Feasibility Alternative Analysis & Flood Improvement Master Plan within the City of La Mirada, California
The City of La Mirada contracted the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers under a prime contract with D R Consultants to address flooding issues within the city in a two-phase project. DRC investigated and prepared a comprehensive engineering report for the city regarding storm water flooding. The study included hydrology data, survey data, and information from the County of Los Angeles and the city’s database for pipe systems and for hydraulic features of all study sites.
Phase 1 – Citywide Hydrology Analysis and Storm Drainage Systems Capacity Evaluation Study: An investigation and preparation of an engineering feasibility and design documentation report that addressed the severe flooding and capacity of the storm drainage system within the highly urbanized community. The extent of flooding in the streets and adjacent areas, using the 10- and 25-year storms based upon the Los Angeles County Hydrology Manual, determined the flow in the streets and feasible solutions without going over the street curb or right-of-way to flood homes and obstruct traffic. La Mirada has at least 11 sites that severely flood, causing overflows that could produce major damage citywide if not addressed.
Phase 2 – Feasibility Level Project Design and Cost Estimate for Storm Drainage Improvement at 10 Sites: Reviewed the Phase 1 report and, in discussions with the USACE and city, ten sites were selected for further study and for developing solutions. The conceptual-level design document for the 10 sites included:
Based on field conditions, DRC determined the viability of designing a conceptual 25-year flood control storm drain plan. The determining factor is analyzing the capacity of the receiving disposal point based on the watershed evaluation of the drainage facilities. DRC reviewed the existing utility pipeline profiles to determine a practical bypass for the feasibility level, storm drainage system at each of the 10 sites. We performed conceptual-level hydraulics grade analyses to show that the downstream end of the project can receive the additional flow moving through the proposed storm drains to the terminus point. The project plans include information about the existing drainage facility and how it is being modified to remediate the local flooding at each site. The feasibility-level design plates included standard drawing from the “Green Book” Standard Plans. The final document also included a conceptual-level, project-quantity take-off and site-specific project cost for each site.
Unique and innovative solutions under the constraints of the existing flow gradient and/or real estate limitations in an urbanized area to reduce flood risk to homes also were addressed. They included underground storage, park site detention, median detention, school ground detention, watershed planning, and others.